How to tie a Perfection Fishing Loop Knot

step-by-step tutorial

While there are several knots used to create a non-slip loop, the perfection loop is one of the more popular choices and retains excellent breaking strength of your mono filament or fluorocarbon leader material. Photos: Steve Dougherty-doughertyphotos.com


step 1

Hold the main line coming off the reel with your thumb and index finger and create a loop by passing the tag end behind the main line.

step 2

Pinch the base of the loop to hold it in place for the next step.

step 3

While pinching the loop with your thumb and index finger, take a turn around the first loop with the tag end.

step 4

After completing the turn around the first loop, a second loop is created.

step 5

With two loops in place, take the remaining tag end and place it between the individual loops.

step 6

Now pull the second loop over the tag end and back through the first loop. Tighten by pulling on the second loop.

step 7

Strong and effective, the finished knot is ready to be put to the test.

source credit – http://www.fishtrack.com/

 

Fishing Spoons

Fishing Spoons

The metal fishing spoon lure was believed to be first used back in the 1840’s. Spoons are a simple design, an oblong shape, concave on one side that catches water producing a wobble and light reflecting flash imitating a fleeing or crippled bait fish. Because spoons appeal mainly to the sense of sight they work best on clear or lightly stained water conditions.

The long standing popularity of spoons results from ease of use as a fish usually will hook itself when it grabs a spoon. Spoons work best for larger predators such as northern pike, largemouth bass, muskies, walleye, salmon and trout.

The action of a spoon is based on it’s shape and thickness. A long spoon will display a wider side to side wobble than a shorter spoon. A deep concave spoon will also produce a wider wobble than a flatter spoon. Thin spoons used for trolling have an erratic wobble compared to thick spoons but thick spoons have advantages as well, the extra weight casts better, sinks faster and will run deeper than thinner spoons.

There are five types of spoons: Casting, trolling, weedless, jigging and the surface spoon. Spoons are stamped, forged or molded from brass, copper, steel, lead, plastic or wood. Most are painted on one side with a polished metallic surface on at other side to reflect the sunlight making the spoon visible. Some spoons have a hammered or rippled finish that transmits light in multiple directions such as baitfish scales scatter light.

When casting or trolling a spoon the speed is critical for success, if fished too slow or too fast the spoon will not wobble properly, you should experiment to find the precise speed for each spoon to perform its best. When casting a spoon anglers will cast 10 to 20 feet beyond the area they believe the fish are and retrieve through the strike zone. For flat line trolling from behind a boat the speed and amount of line out should be the main consideration, as well as in using depth control rigging such as downriggers and dipsey divers.

Rod Action with Spoons
Dependent on the species you’re targeting, small spoons for stream trout, larger spoons for bass, pike and salmon or vertical jigging for walleyes the preferred choice when casting/jigging spoons is a stiff tipped fast action rod. Ultra sensitive, soft action rods are not recommended as they do not telegraph the fish strike as quickly a fast action rod will accomplish. Your success in using spoons is to immediately set the hook upon feeling a fish bite.

Spoons & Leaders
Anglers using casting, weedless or trolling spoons should attach their lines via a leader with a ball bearing swivel and snap or a combination snap ball bearing swivel.This allows freedom of movement for the spoon and will keep the fishing line twist to a minimum. For surface and jigging spoons the best is to tie directly to the eyelet or snap. Both will work better without too much play at the lure line connection.

Spoon Attractors
The main fish attracting component on a spoon is the flash, some spoons have additional attractors placed on the spoon or are added by the angler, they are: Clickers: Two small willow spinners on split rings located the end of spoon for vibration and noise. Flippers: A small oblong piece of plastic (red or yellow) for added color attached on the split ring and hook. Trailers: For added color and profile Feathers / Tied Tail / Soft Plastic or Pork Rind.

Spoon Colors
If you ever had the opportunity to open Grand Pa’s old metal tackle box it would be safe to say you would find quite a few of the traditional red and white casting spoons that where popular back in the 1940’s – 50’s. Following the same path as crank bait lure companies spoon manufactures have over the years introduced hundreds of new colors patterns and finishes using prism, holographic, glow and glitter all to enhance  vibrant colors and flash of spoons.

In selecting spoon colors to build your tackle assortment, the choices can be overwhelming but some colors have been tried and true over the years. For casting spoons in clear or slighty stained water the classic colors of red and white with nickel back, black and white with nickel back, yellow five of diamonds in red with brass back, and combinations of nickel/silver – gold/brass are your best bet. On stained or darker water use, firetiger with brass back or orange/yellow and nickel combinations.

For trolling spoons on the Great Lakes the universal best color is all silver or gold with including combinations of purple, blue or green hues to mimic the forage of alewives, ciscoes, and smelt. Many Charter Captains on the Great Lakes use spoons as their main lure presentation and usually have a couple hundred on board in multiple color patterns (some with creative color names) and size variations to accommodate all fishing conditions.

Each body of water or river system fish will have a tendency to favor a specific color. If you’re going to fish an unfamiliar water system and spoons are a part of your lure selection, it would be best to do research with local guides or the fishing pro shop for that lake or river.

Listed below is a reference guide to help you identify the common types of spoons and how they are used:
Traditional Casting Spoons

Stamped metal casting spoons are also known as Traditional or Canadian spoons. All display the distinctive back and forth wobble action as they run underwater based on their oval shaped cupped bodies. Casting spoon sizes range from ultra light 1/36 ounce for panfish up to over 3 ounces for big muskies, pike and lake trout. The most popular sizes are 1/4-3/4 ounce used for bass, walleyes and pike. All casting spoons have either a treble or a single (siwash) hook attached with a spilt ring which allows the hook to swing freely as the spoon wobbles.

Trolling Spoons

Trolling spoons are much thinner and lighter than casting spoons, a typical 3″ trolling spoon only weighs about a 1/8 ounce which makes them too light for casting.. They are designed to be fished using a depth control trolling system such as off a downrigger or diving plane. With the wide fluttering action they are an excellent lure choice for salmon, trout, walleyes or other open water species.

Weedless Spoons

When fishing in thick cover, aquatic weeds, wood and logs, you can’t beat using a weedless spoon to provoke a fish strike. Most feature a single hook design welded on the body with a wire guard to prevent most snags. Experiment with different retrieve methods. Try twitching and pausing letting the spoon settle into open holes. Or straight retrieve over and through the cover. Tip the hook with a trailer for added attraction using a soft plastic grub or pork rind. Weedless spoons come in 1/4 ounce up to 1-1/8 ounce.

Surface Spoons

When conditions are right during the summer months, large predator fish like bass, pike and muskies will take refuge in thick cover. This is an ideal situation for using surface spoons. When cast over heavy matted vegetation the spoon floats with the hook riding upward avoiding being caught up on snags. Most surface spoons are made from plastic’s with a few in wood with having an added attractor, mainly rubber skirts. When fishing surface spoons point the rod tip directly at the spoon whether you’re retrieving straight or using a jerk pause method. Upon a fish strike, never set the hook until you feel the pressure of the fish, then set the hook. As with all surface lures fish have a tendency to miss the lure, keep the lure moving even if the fish misses usually they will come back to strike again.

Jigging Spoons

When you locate a deep water school of fish such as walleye or bass on your electronics, one of the best presentations to reach them is vertically jigging. Jigging spoons are made of metal or tungsten, are flat, thick and heavy and flash when jigged. They are designed to get down quickly reaching the deep water holding fish. When fishing jigging spoons all of the action is applied by the angler using short jerks to encourage strikes, but keep in mind many strikes happen on the fall of the jigging spoon as well. Keep awatch on your line as it falls, if it stops or twitches set the hook. The best tackle for jigging spoons is low stretch line of 12-20 lbs with a medium to medium heavy fast action rod.

Spring Topwater Fishing

Topwater

Spring is an excellent time to fish topwater baits for large bass. As a bass fisherman, I enjoy the beautiful nature of this sport–the orange glow of the sunrise, the calming of the wind and waves, the continued motion of casting and retrieving.

Regardless of where they live, bass follow the same general life cycles. The two primary influences in their lives are spawning and feeding, and both are in topwater patterns in spring.

During winter, bass hang in deep water, normally in large schools, and they change between lengthy periods of inactivity and short, frantic feeding sprees. But when winter starts giving way to spring, these large schools break up as bass drift away toward spawning areas. This breakup and migration occur when the water temperature nudges into the 50s, and this is the prelude to topwater time.

As the water temp creeps progressively higher, bass move closer to their spawning areas: rocky or sandy shoreline banks, flats bordering channels and ditches, submerged roadbeds in the back of creeks, and other shallow, hard-bottomed, protected structures. These are the places on which topwater anglers should focus.

When the water temperature cracks 60 degrees, it’s time to begin throwing surface baits. Now the bass are fully active, and they’re feeding heavily to prepare for the rigors of sweeping nests, laying eggs, and protecting against predators. Crawfish, sunfish, shad, frogs, and other subsurface creatures are regular items on their menu. Still, any bait that appears alive and struggling on the surface is a likely candidate.

High on this list is a long, slender, floating minnow, such as the floating Rapala or Rebel minnow. This is the traditional first topwater lure for many fishermen, and for good reason. When the water temperature hits 60 degrees, bass still aren’t far removed from the lethargy of winter. However, on a calm, warm day in early spring, these fish will attack a floating minnow that is bobbed within easy striking distance. This bait’s delicate presentation matches the fish’s mood this time of year.

Because they are light in weight, topwater minnows must be fished on fairly light tackle. An ideal rig would be a medium-light baitcasting rod/reel spooled with 8 or 10 lb. line. A suitable alternate would be a medium action spinning combo with 8 lb. test.

The technique with a floating minnow is simple. Cast it into likely areas, near cover if any exists, reel up slack and wait until all ripples disappear. Then, simply twitch the bait with the rod tip, bobbing the head down with a minimum of forward movement. Next, wait for these new ripples to spread away, and then repeat this process.

As water temperature climbs into the mid-60s, fishes’ metabolism rises correspondingly. Now faster, louder baits come into play. Three standards choices are poppers, propeller baits, and walking baits.

Poppers are concave in the front. When pulled with short repeated jerks, a popper makes the “slurp, slurp” sounds of bass surface feeding on minnows. This noise excites fish within hearing and seeing range and draws them in from potentially a long distance.

The best tackle for fishing poppers is a medium action baitcasting rig and 12-20 pound line. Basically, these lures are meant for covering broad areas rather than small targets. Anglers should work poppers down banks, over shallow flats, parallel to weed or grass edges, through standing timber, or along other, similar structure. These baits may also be used around specific targets such as logs or stumps. However, their objective is to cover water quickly and attracting scattered fish.

Propeller baits come in several models and blade configurations. Some are thick and have large blades on the front and/or back. When jerked, these lures cause maximum disturbance on the surface. They are appropriate when the water is choppy or stained and/or plenty noise is needed to gain the fish’s attention.

Prop baits are equally good at fishing broad areas and small targets. Like poppers, prop baits can be worked with a pull-stop, pull-stop action along linear structure. Or they can be thrown past a specific target, jerked up to the prime strike zone, then stopped and quivered as explained earlier.

Walking baits cut an enticing trail along banks, standing timber, roadbeds, docks, etc. These cylinder shaped plugs should be fished with medium action baitcasting tackle and 12 or 16 pound test monofilament. The rod is held near the water’s surface, and the rod tip is jerked in a steady rhythm with your wrist. When done properly, this causes the bait to walk back and forth through the water with a pronounced zigzag action.

So which of these baits is best on any given day? Actually, the right pick is easy–the selection is based on weather/water conditions and preferences of the fish.

Again, slender minnows are tops for the pre-spawn period when water is calm and relatively clear. However, if the water is choppy and/or dark, try one of the other three.

For reasons known only to the bass, some days they prefer one type of bait over the other two, and this preference can change from day to day. So to cover broad areas of water, alternate between poppers, prop baits and walking baits. Be alert as to which one draws the most attention. Once the bass indicate their choice, stick with it.

Perhaps the biggest mistake most fishermen make with floaters is working them too fast. It is critical to avoid being in a hurry with these baits, especially when working specific targeted areas.  After casting a surface lure, an angler should wait at least 20 seconds before starting his retrieve. This allows spooky fish to get over the intrusion of the bait in their territory and to become curious or even enraged about its presence.

Time of day is very important in fishing surface lures in early spring. Periods of low light (dawn and dusk) are always good bets when bass are hitting topwaters. However, in early spring, noon through mid-afternoon may be the magic time.

Another factor that affects water temperature, hence surface feeding, is size and depth of the lake or pond. Smaller, shallower waters warm faster than larger, deeper ones. Therefore, surface activity normally begins up to two weeks earlier on stock ponds and watershed lakes than it does on large reservoirs in the same region.

Because topwater fishermen work thin, often clear water, they should take extra precautions to avoid spooking bass. Approaches to fishing areas should be quiet and made with the electric motor instead of the outboard. Casts to specific targets should be fairly long to keep from getting the boat too close. A fisherman’s shadow should never fall across a stump, log or other object where he expects a fish to be.

When fishing topwaters, it is imperative for anglers to keep constant eye contact with their baits and to concentrate on working it as effectively as possible. Sometimes, especially with floating minnows, bass suck the bait under instead of smashing it. Fishermen who are daydreaming will miss this opportunity.

And finally, when a bass does strike, don’t set back too soon. Instead, prepare yourself mentally to “feed” the bait to the bass, literally waiting until you see that the lure has disappeared and your line is swimming away. Then drive the hooks home, and chances of a solid hookset will rise.

Good luck and keep those lines tight!

by Cody Larrimore

– See more at: http://www.alloutdoor.com/2014/05/28/spring-topwater-fishing/#sthash.CZy1Q0Ei.dpuf

Shimano Sedona Reel

Shimano Sedona Reel – FD Spinning Reel

Shimano Sedona ReelsEnjoy a smooth, strong and reliable Shimano Sedona FD Spinning Reel for an affordable price! Just starting around $50. Shimano redesigned their Sedona FD Spinning Reels to incorporate top-of-the-line, performance-enhancing features such as their Propulsion Line Management System and the Power Roller III to give anglers the reel confidence required to meet any challenge. The Shimano Sedona FD Spinning Reel’s lightweight graphite frame, sideplate and rotor provide tremendous strength and durability, with the Sedona FD’s cold forged aluminum spool works in tandem with the Propulsion Line Management System’s new spool lip design to deliver increased casting distance by minimizing friction and preventing backlashes. Although Shimano engineered the Sedona FD with improved features, the revamped Shimano Sedona FD still offers many of the same premium features found on Shimano’s original Sedona Spinning Reel including: exclusive S-Concept technology, Dyna-Balance system, Super Stopper II, Fluidrive, 4 shielded stainless steel ball bearings plus one roller bearing and cold forged aluminum spool.

 

  • Enjoy high-end performance for affordable priceShimano Sedona
  • Exclusive S-Concept technology
  • Propulsion Line Management System
  • Lightweight graphite frame, sideplate and rotor
  • Propulsion Line Management System
  • 4 shielded ball bearings plus one roller bearing
  • Cold forged aluminum spool
  • Power Roller® III
  • Dyna-Balance system

 

 

Power Roller III Part of the Propulsion Line Management System, Power Roller III reduces line twist by as much as 50%. Special grooved design assures that the line will wrap evenly on the spool.

Dyna-Balance eliminates wobble on the retrieve by counter-balancing the rotor to enhance sensitivity and smoothness. 100% computer balanced!

Bass Fishing Lure

Bass Fishing Lures

Ever wonder exactly what is up with bass fishing lure? This helpful  article can give you an insight into everything you’ve ever wanted to know about bass fishing lure.

If you have looked for the perfect bass fishing lure lately you have most likely discovered that there are thousands of colors and designs available. With so many bass fishing lures on the market how can you decide which one is best for you? This article will help you clear the fog and put you on the fish with the best bass fishing lures.

There are 5 main types of lures:

crankbaits, spinnerbaits, plastics, topwaters, and jigs.

What Time Of Year Is It?

Before you decide on the right bass fishing lures for your tackle box you need to think about the season in which you are going to be fishing. In the spring time you will want to think about the bass that are starting to spawn. Spawning bass are very protective of their environment. When bass spawn they tend to react to bass fishing lures that appear as a danger to their beds. Lizards are always a good choice at this time of the season.

What Color Is Your Fishing Gear

Knowledge can give you a real advantage. To make sure you’re fully informed about bass fishing lure, keep reading.

There are so many colors on the market it is unbelievable. The truth is there are only a handful of colors that you need to be concerned about. Black, red, green, and blue are the most desirable colors for bass fishing. If those are the only colors you choose you will have it covered. Black and blue jigs are one of the most popular bass fishing lures on the market. There are many manufactures of jigs, and trying to select one is really a personal decision.

Is There One Bass Fishing Lure That Is Better Than Most?

The short answer is no, but there are some tried and true bass fishing lures that have the best chance for catching bass. If you can only afford a few bass fishing lures to put in the tackle box it would be wise to choose the following lures.

You should put at least one chartreuse and white spinner bait in the box for flipping along the logs and other structure in the early morning into mid morning. The second bass fishing lure should be a bag of plastic 6 inch worms in black or green pumpkin. The third lure should be a black and blue jig in ½ oz and ¾ oz. These are just a few good suggestions that should have you catching bass in no time.

You can’t predict when knowing something extra about bass fishing lure will come in handy. If you learned anything new about bass fishing lure in this article, you should file the article where you can find it again.

Every angler should have these 10 lures

10 Lures Every Angler Should Have in Their Tackle Box

If you’re just getting into fishing, or getting back into fishing after a long hiatus, going to the tackle shop can be an eye-opening experience. There are literally thousands of baits out there, in hundreds of different colors, styles, and shapes.

The tackle shops themselves have even changed. For years, many of the most successful tackle shops were just service stations or marinas, and they had good selections of the most effective baits for the lakes in their immediate area. At today’s outdoor superstores, you need an electric scooter to see all the aisles and the amount available options is just staggering.

Without question, each and every one of those thousand fancy new baits at the superstore will catch fish under a particular set of circumstances, but how does one narrow it all down to figure out which lures to buy, and which ones are more likely niche baits?

The first step would be to read the following list. We’ve compiled a list of 10 “essentials” – or bait styles that all anglers should have in their tackle boxes.

Without question, there are effective bait styles that didn’t make this cut, but if you’ve got these 10, you’ll be able to catch bass from east to west, under any conditions.

1. Soft plastic stick bait

blk-blue-flk_1024x1024 (1)
Stick baits like the original Senko and newer versions like theBioSpawn ExoStick Pro are unquestionably the number one necessity in every serious bassers arsenal. Put one in front of a bass, it’ll eat it. It really is that simple. Wacky rigged, Texas rigged, on a shakey head – it doesn’t matter. Just pick some up and let them work.

2. Finesse worm

Grn Pumpkin Lght Blue Swirel
The finesse worm comes in second to the stick bait in the “most effective soft plastic” competition. Generally 4 to 6 inches in length, good finesse worms will have one flat side, which produces a pronounced glide on the fall, and triggers tons of strikes. They are also extremely versatile, and shine on a shakey head, drop shot, or Carolina rig.

3. Jig

stkkngtgfb135
In the realm of versatility, skirted jigs like the Strike King Tour Grade Football Jig reign supreme. There aren’t many baits that you can just as effectively fish in 1 foot of water as you can in 30 feet. Flip them, cast them, drag them, hop them, swim them – it all works. Throw a white jig to imitate shad, a brown one to imitate crawfish, and a green one to imitate bream. Whatever you’re trying to emulate, a jig can do it.

4. Lipless Crankbait

seeker
For covering shallow water quickly, there isn’t much better than a lipless crankbait like the Sebile Action First Lipless Seeker. They combine vibration, noise, and speed in a way that triggers arm-rocking strikes. Lipless cranks are effective anytime bass are actively feeding and excel around shallow grass, in spawning areas, and whenever fish are schooling on shad.

5. Spinnerbait

Stanley Compact Spinnerbait
No bass fishing list would be complete without the venerable spinnerbait. There’s a good reason for that too – they still catch the snot out of them. Around flooded brush and laydowns, there isn’t much better than a spinnerbait. They come through cover excellently and bass can’t resist their combination of flash and thump.

6. Square Bill

Cold Blooded
Historically more of a niche bait of the Carolinas and Florida, in the last 15 years the square bill has been without a doubt the fastest growing segment of the hard bait industry. That’s because they catch big bass. Square bills are the spinnerbaits of rip rap. The bill shape allows them to crawl over rocks effectively and deflect in a way that the big ones can’t resist.

7. Deep Diving Crank

copper-green-shad-12
For probing deep drop-offs, ledges, points, and deep grass a deep diving crankbait is just the ticket. Grinding a big-lipped bait along a rocky point, or reeling one through a school of shad is a great way to get hooked up anywhere the bass go deep to avoid the heat of the summer, making them a necessity in every anglers arsenal.

8. Frog

504 FGH Florescent Green_Yellow
If you fish lakes with any kind of vegetation, a frog may be the only bait you ever need. They are totally weedless, allowing anglers to access fish that are otherwise uncatchable. Whether worked over massive milfoil flats, skipped underneath hanging cover, or worked through lily pad fields, frogs are the deal for any vegetation situation.

9. Topwater Walking Bait

SW_Hero_Web
Although they’re probably not the most celebrated of the topwater offerings, walking baits like the Rapala Skitter Walkare definitely the most versatile. Their sashaying walk-the-dog action imitates a struggling baitfish and triggers violent strikes from the prespawn all the way through the fall. They can also be effective from the bank all the way out to over deep water schooling areas.

10. Jerkbait

R1018 CMGC FR
Jerkbaits are shaped like minnows, look like minnows, and act like wounded minnows. Bass like to eat wounded minnows; therefore jerkbaits catch lots of bass. As simple as that sounds, there’s really not much more to it than that. Jerkbaits shine especially well in cold water, and will catch more bass than almost any other presentation when the mercury drops.